JPRS 74321 5 October 1979

Latin America Report

No. 2054



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JPRS 74321

5 October 1979



Sixth Nonalined Summit Basic Agreements Summarized

(GRANMA WEEKLY REVIEW, 16 Sep 79) ....cssesccecceee 1 Columiists Scoff at 'Nonalined' Conference

(EXCELSIOR, various dates) ....ccccccccccccccccccccces 6

Gringoire: Nanmalined? Bah!, by Pedro Gringoire

‘Castro Tries To Aline Them’, by Eduardo Borrell

Navarro Salazar: Imperialism, Hegemony, by Ruben Salazar Mallen

Colombian Stevedores Boycott Chilean Cargos

(EL ESPECTADOR, ll Sep 79) “ene een eeeneeeneneeeneeeeeeeneeee 10


Further Reportage on IBRC Visit

(Various sources, various dates) .....ccsesccscceeees 12

Bishops Express Opinions

Attack From Abroad

Lanusse's Statements

Terrorist Victims Issue Warning First Group of Vietnamese Families Arrive ;

(LA NACION, 2 Sep 79) *eeeeenveneeeeeneeneneeeeeeeeneeeeeeee 19 Soviet Book Censorship Termed ‘Inherent’ to System

(LA PRENSA, 9 Sep 79) esreerienenvreeeneeneeneeneeeeeeneeneeeeeenee 2l

CONTENTS (Coatinued) Page

COLOMBIA Gas Wells Planned for Guajira Peninsula (EL SIG, 21 Aug 79) sere eeeneneeeneneeeeeeeeeeeeneneeereee 23 Alcohol To Replace 20 Percent of Gasoline (EL ESPECTADOR, 25 Aug 79) ..ccccccccccccccccccccccs ok Plans for Large Scale Copper Production Revealed (Various sources, 7, 12 Sep 79) ...cecrccccecccccees 29 Antioquia, Choco Annual Income of 7.15 Billion Army Kilis, Captures Guerrillas in Clashes (Cadena Radial Super, & Sep 79) ..cccccecccccccceces 34 ECUADOR New Oil Deposits Raise Hopes for Santa Elena (Julio Jaramillo Interview; VISTAZO, 7 Sep 79) ..... 35 Briefs Political Prisoners cle GUATEMALA Most Oil Reserves on Mexican Border (EXCELSIOR, 1 Sep 79) “eer eneeneeeeeneneeeevneeeeeeeeeeeee 39 NICARAGUA

Saavedra: ‘Most Help Comes From United States'* (EXCELSIOR, 1 Sep 79) *ervreeeeeeeneneeneeeeeneneeeneeneeeeee 4}

"Radio Sandino’ Emphasizes Links With African Peoples (Edi sorial Re port ) eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeen eee eee eeeee uu

'GRANMA' Publishes Text of Interview With Daniei Ortega (Daniel Ortega Saavedra Interview; GRANMA, 20 Aug 79) 45

Leaders Interviewed on Private Sector, Church, Other Issues (BARRICADA, 6 Sep 79) wccscsccccsccccccccssscseceees 46

Church Committed to Revolution, UCA Head Says (BARRICADA, 4 Sep 79) seer eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 51


CONYENTS { Continued)

Self-Determination Debated at UCA Political Seminar (BARRICADA, 30 Aug 79) ....... 95ueeeesesesenesbauses

National Holidays Must Be Changed, FSLN Paper Suys (BARRICADA, & Sep 79) ...cccccccccccccccccecccececes

Police Commander Explains Organization, Work (Radio Sandino, ll Sep 79) eer evreeeeeeeeeneneneeeeneeeeee

Humberto Ortega Addresses Squad Chiefs' Commencement (BARRICADA, 16 Sep 79) .ccccccccccccccccsscceccccecs

Health Minister Views Efforts on Behalf of Children (Radio Sandino, 17 Sep 79) ee erenvrneeneneneneeneeenveeeeeeeneteee

Infant Mortality Children's Health Improved

Radio Director Announces Plans, Programs (BARRICADA, & Sep 79) eee eeeveeeneneneneeeneeneneneeeneeeeeeee

Education Official Discusses Agricultural Schools (Managua Domestic Service, 19 Sep 79) ...seseeseeees

Hassan Condemns Land Invasions, Factory Takeovers (Radio Sandino, 15 Sep 79) ........ cenneseees seesees

Rise in School Registration as Schools Reopen (ACAN, 17 Sep 79) eee eee eee eeeeeereeeeeeeeeeere ee ee © *-.

Briefs Educational Goals OQutJined Teachers Attend Political Seminar Cuban Training for Librarians Scholarship Fraud Shown Housing Requested for Cubans UPEB Application "Genocidal’ Prisoners in Chinandega

Roy”, Details 1 October Events; Lopez-Portillo To Speax (LA ESTRELLA DE PANAMA, 15 Sep 79) ...essees peeeeece

Commissioners’ Names Withheld Till Action by U.3. Congress (TELEVISORA NACIONAL, & Sep 79) ...csecccccccccccees

- Cc.








CONTENTS (Continued)


Press Articles Report Meat Crisis

(Various sources, various dates)

Shortages Announced

Less Meat Consumed

Report Disturbing, Editorial Current Export Fijsures

EEC Market Possib: lities




Havana GRANMA WEEKLY REVIEW in English 16 Sep 79 p 16

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eckhnow ecgec and 4a dGeep concern was vowed imperisiisis’ destabilization plens and aggressions. Conference siso sated that the struggle of peoples. particularly the struggle of southern Closely ui¢d to an::-imperiaiist end anticolonialist

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te examine ard analyze the situation im southern Africa and encorsed as its own ali the recommendations adopted at that meeing. All the countries were urged to pay special aticntion to the execution of the Action approved in Maputo and later ratified and enlarged by the Coordinai.rg Bureau.

The heeds of state of sOvermment congratulated the Organizanon of African Laity on its 6th year Gf exis- yence ang acanowledged the OAL's umporfance as an ef- fer ive instrument to promote peace.

On anslyzing the situation in southern Africa, the Conference retereted chet the consolidation of the victory achieved by the peoples of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea- Bissau. r- Verde and S£o Tomé and Principe decisively

the region's balance of forces.


The Conference acknowledged with pleasure the renian Government's decision to stop selling oi] to

outh Africa. Also ack: wes Nicera’s sec:sion to rationalize British Petroieum's oil concess:crs when the later failed to comply with the oil embargo ——~ hy wapply on te : ne North ‘Sea South ° rom the | , Africa's aperthe:d regime. 7

the meenng in Lusake the heads of goverment of the Com- turned down the so-called internal settle- ment of Zimbabwe and reaifirmed their total commut-

ment vis-d-vis the icgitimate majority government. It em- phasized that the outcome of the Lusaka meetina hed

support for the Patriotic From and the latter's decision to intensify the armed struggle against Muzorewa's racist and illegal regime

it also called for preventing supolies of of) and it. by-products from reaching Southern Rhodesia: con- demned the lifting of LN cconomc sanctions in cohorts with the Salisbury regime and rejected recognition in any form for Rhodesie’s regime.

The Conference warmly ted the Patriotic Front upon its ednittence as a full-fiedged member into the Movement of Non-Aligned Countnes.

Concerning the issue of Namibia, it strongly con- demned the South African racist regime for us stubborn refuse! to withdraw from thet termtorvy and reasserted the Namibian peopie’s right to inderendence and their terntonmel integrity. It also reasserted tts unconditional support for the strusale ‘ed by SWAPO as sole ond legitimat? representative of the Namibian people.

The Conference stated that the racist South Africen regime's continued iliegal cecupation cf Namibiss was en jon not only against tne Namitian peopie but

SO against ali of Africa's sovereign states.

The Conference strongly denounced the cstebiishmest of an illegal and erbitrary “National Assemoly,” and stated categoricaily that the non-aligned countries will neither recognize nor cooperete with this illegal “assembly.”

The Conference firmiy vers aimed at violet amibie's territora! integrity through annexation of Weivis Say iegitimizinag the electoral farce of December 4. 1974, end setting up @ neocoiomal regime uncer Pretoma'’s control.

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problerns of southern Africa cannot rately for they are politically, militarily end intertwined Conference condem

Broad consideration was given to every form of support and eid for the Frort Line states, now acting of @ sale rear guerd and giving their militant solidarity to the —_— struggle waged by the peopves of southern

The Conference reasserted that the Front Line states will not now end in the future be alone and it recognized that the materia! and financial support given to these states would in ei] certainty boost their ebility to wth- stand aggression and eneabie them to effectively uphold their territonal integrity

On the other hand, the Conference voiced dees concern for the serous situation prevailing in Wescera Sehare, end it considered that the ed hoc commision set up by the OAU would succeed in bringing sdour «e'f-determ- netion end independence for the Saheran peon c as soon as possible. it heiled the accord between se Repubiic of Mauritane and the POLISARIO From and Mauritania’s decision to withcraw its forces from the territory of Western Sahara Th. Conference deplored Moroc- co's armed occupeior of southern Western Sahare previously under “Vie :ritenie’s control

Concerning Mayotte Island. still iliegally occupied by France, the Conference voiced its active solidarity with

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denounced the stanc taken ape | the United States, that suppues of advenced weaponry to lsreel, its concern for the escalation of Israeli military . both in terms of conventional . The Conference aiso conmcemred the cooperstion

berween israel and South Aince and wes grateful for the help given by progressive and peace-loving forces.

The Conference voiced support for Lebanon's unity, indepencence and sovercianty and strongly condemned leracl'’s continued attacks and ageression in southern Lebenon, where it uses highly sopaetcated plenes and armaments supriied by the Unitcd States America,

i of .nnocent women, children and old



The Confererce noted with deep concern that, follow- ing the Camp David agreement Setween Evyrt, Isreel end the United Sietes, lorecl has stepped up us policy calling for the confiscation of Palestinian and occupied Arebd territories. The Conierence stated thet the incor-

ion of jerusalem uncer Areb sovereignty was en sabe condition for achiewing levine peser. I rT

the Security Counc) to meet ita respons Deity te

e isrec] subject to the sanctions prov ded under

Chapter 7 of the Charer Such measures shoule incluce

the application of a!) ihe senctions deemed necessary, a9

well as the enforcement o. a9 e@li-cut boweott and the exclusion of lerec! from the internatcnel community.

LATIN AMERICA AWD TRE CARIBBEAN The Conference depored the fect thet the Secunty

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The Conference resteretd its solidarity with of the Puerto Rican people end ther to self-derermination. : ond territorial integrity.

unconditional release of the four Puerto Rican political persons .ities jaded in the United States for over 25

years The Conference reiterated its support for the right of Belize to sci/-determinenon.

of Argentine to exercise sovertient Islands. It \kewwe supported the Cuben people's cleim over the land occupied by the Unwed States in the Guan- tanamo base and condemned the unjust US. blockede on the Cuban Revolution. The Conference cenounced tho Jnited States’ hostusuy, ures anc threats aga.cst Cubs, which constitute @ fiegrent viclaton of the UN Che ter end endangering world peace. The heads of stave o nment stroraly condemred the Diocaede tet the US. Government «6 il) wing to try to isolate end pumer Os Cuban Revolution end demanded thet a be y end uncondivonaliy lifted

The Conference noted with piessure he imio force of the Penama Canal Treaty The heads place or government vorced their concern regerding the defauit ¢ the Torrijos-Carter treaties on the part the Loared [estes end wowed thew hope that they will be faithfully e hered to by the United Scetes.

ine Conference hailed the Government of Grenades decision to join the Movemer: It recommended the edop- tion of measures to speed up the reimmsaterient of demo erotic rights in Chile.

The Corference hailed with setusfection the victory won by the Niceraguen people and their vanguard the Sandinista National Liberation Front PSLN). end ex- pressed how pleased u was thet thu country hed joined the Movement.

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Conference underlined that. feced with the danger of @ muiitary confrontation based on the politics of force, the only opton open humanity « active peaceful coexistence. it considers the rights of peoples to seil- Geterminetion and independence tu be irci.dec within the application of this principle. it insisted tha’ nt is wmpossibie to assure peace and security while the arise rece continucs


The Conferenre regretted the fect that the pelicy of dividing the world into spheres of influence, 6 poe? used for centuries by the colonial powers and whic ceused 80 much damage to humeanuy, is sil being applied by certain powers in on attempt to (wert the true independence, especially of those recently em*s cipeted countnes, and tw frustrate the finel victory of the netione! iiberetion movement.

The Conference welcomed the signing of the between the United States and the Sovet Union on the limutiation of strarvegic nuclear weapons it stressed

that the arms rece was incompatidie with the efforts aimed et establishing « new irternauonal economuc

for the establishment of a new wternruonal order in the sphere of mformation. It noved wih satisfaction


The Conference once again condemned the old metrop- olises "hat conunue to systemancally pillage the cultural wealth of the Afrxan, Anen, Leun Amercen Cer:bbean countries.


Deep concern was expressed over the present interne- nonal economic situetion, charactenzed by « sharpen- ing of che world econome criss. They agresd that this cries is not simply @ natural cyclical phenomeson but 6 symptom of structural umbulance. The situation is aggreveted by the fact thet, due w structural deficiencies end deficiencies mm the menagememt of the market ecoriomes, .nfiat.on and monetary <isorders ere perme nent cherecteristics of the world econony.

Concern was expressed over the worsening concitions of foreign trade in the developing countries; end protect.onist measures introduces certain developed countries were denounced Concersa was also expressed over tye extreord:nery werease in the cour


ries’ external debt. whech, at the end of 1977, was estimated st sdout 300 OOO mullon doers.

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considered st necessary to formulate protec’ the buying power of income thet countnes resewe from thew exports

—— of trede relations between onre countries

The heeds of Qvermment uncerimed the


importance of ests. ching « 0ct of proacipics and sorms control resin. commercial practices, porticularl those of the trer wel enterprises ina. have adverse repercutsions on 4 tnd development of the developing countnes

_ The heads of state or government erremed that the international energy question sho..d be discussed in the contest of the word negotieucns taxing piece at the United Nations with the sarncipatior of al) courvtries The Conference praised the LUN dec..on to convene an wmiernational co sference on entray sources an 198!



Gringoire: Nonalined? Bah! Mexico City EXCE’ *IOR in Spanish 18 Aug 79 p 7-A [Article by Pedro Gringoire]

[Text] They must be joking. At the beginning of this September they are going to hold the so-called World Summit Conference of Nonalined Nations in Havana. Imagine that! By theoretical definition it might be supposed that this would involve countries which are "not alined" with either the Soviet bloc or the western capitalist bloc, especially with the United States.

Of course, it is only right that there are countries which try not to aline themselves with either of the two great powers who are contending for pre- dominance in the world these days. And although it may be a commnist government, there is no incongruity in Tito being the mainstay of the nonalined bloc, since it is a fact that long ago he removed himself from Soviet sponsorship. But listen! The joke is that the host of the conference is Castro, who has alined Cuba as closely as ever possible with the USSR--and tied it there by the neck with a thick rope.

fad that same rope has pulled Ethiopia, Castro's diocese "in partibus Africanum" into the “nonalined" bloc. It is true that wome countries from the United States’ sphere of influence have slipped into the bloc; but whatever may have happened in the past, none of them is today so dominated by Washington as Cuba and Ethiopia are by Moscow. After the sweet talk that Castro ended up giving us with his recent visit, I suppose that Mexico will send a delegation who they will hand-feed with atole in Havana. Because that's the way we're heading.

‘Castro Tries To Aline Then' Mexico City EXCELSIOR in Spanish 20 Aug 79 pp 6-A, 8-A [Article by Eduardo Borrell Navarro]

([Text] The so-called "nonalined" nations, whose organization was founded some years ago by a trio of outstanding world leaders (Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia, Dr Nehru of India and General Nasser of Egypt) will hold their sixth meeting in Havana, a few days from now.

This conclave will be extraordinarily important not only from the point of view of the agreements which may be reached in it; but also and especially because of the decision being made there regarding the proposal to take sides in the great international struggle which separates the East and the West.

The founders of this large group of nations of whom only Marshal Tito survives, held the position that the "nonalined" should remain equally distant from Washington and Moscow, They believed with good reason that

the strength of the noncommitted nations’ movement lies in that independence.

Lately, however, Fidel Castro, who as head of the Marxist-Leninist Cuban government has brought Cuba into that group, has been upholding a position diametrically opposed to this point of view. He is the chief standbearer of the idea that the “nonalined" nations should join the Soviet bloc since Russia--he says--is their natural ally while "Yankee imperialism" is their most important opponent.

By the most impartial analysis, Marshal 7ito's thinking appears to be more correct, balanced and intelligent; since if the "nonalined" movement declares itself to be partisan, this group would cease to be what it is and would

lose prestige and strength within the world community.

The situation regarding this question has become so critical that Marshal Tito, despite his advanced age, has decided to appear in Havana to act as spokesman for the original doctrine of this movement of noncommitted nations and to argue there on a public platform that in his opinion this sixth assembly never should adopt this resolution.

His most tenacious opponent in this ideological quarrel will be the Cuban Marxist-Leninist leader, Fidel Castro, Although the two profess the same communist policy, Tito has managed to keep his country, Yugoslavia, independent of the hegemonistic aims of the Soviet Union, and his diplomatic and commercial relations with the United States have been normal for at least a decade, On the other hand, Castro has moved more and more toward the Soviet orbit to such an extent that at present no other Eastern nation can be more classified as a Russian satellite or colony than Cuba,

Tito, who always has been opposed to control of his country by Russia,

is now beginning to see the possibility that Castro may succeed in imposing his doctrine on this assembly of "nonalined™ nations, which would result in Soviet domination of the organization. There is no doubt that this clash of dialectics will be bitter and vigorous. Tito believes he can count on countries like Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Algeria and Malta to avoid this kind of radicalization. Castro seems to have the support of a very active group of nations called “progressives” by Havana, which include Vietnam, Laos, Ethiopia, South Yemen, Afghanistan and Angola.

At previous meetings of this type, some states have challenged Cuba, arguing that this country should be regarded as “alined" because of its close and dependent ties with the Soviet Union; an opinion which they all think has been even more strengthened by the Cuban intervention in Africa.

In view of the prestige and personality of Marshal Tito, the world is hanging on the outcome of this meeting of "nonalined" nations since if Castro and his personal judgment triumph, the Soviet Union would then exercise factual domination over all these republics. In the same way, the uncertain future of these 90 countries, so divided by deep economic, cultural, religious and political differences, will depend on the "code of conduct" which is adopted.

Salazar: Imperialism, Hegemony Mexico City EXCELSIOR in Spanish 29 Aug 79 p 7-A [Article by Ruben Salazar Mallen]

{Text] Yesterday the Sixth Conference of Nonalined Nations effectively began with the meeting of ambassadors from the 86 member countries to examine the declaration drafted by Cuba, whose 75 page text, distributed last July, has been revised,

In spite of these revisions, the text is stil“ pro-Soviet and the Brazilian foreign minister, Ramiro Saraiva Guerreiro, made an accusatica to this effect in an interview on Monday, the 26th of this month, when he roundly declared that the document is “inspired by the Soviets." He added that

"it has a tendency to line up with Soviet principles."

it had been expected that this would occur because Cuba (or, so as not to blame the Cuban people, Castroism) is entirely dependent on the Soviet ‘nion and is “alined" with it. If it were not for Soviet aid, Castro Ruz would not have been able to stay in power and the deterioration of his image described in the article by Jean Francois Ravel, published by EXCELSIOR last Monday, would have dragged him down to defeat or to weakness leading to extinction.

{t is highly probable then, that Foreign Minister Saraiva Cuerreiro is right. It was already apparent in the First Tricontinental Conference held 3-15 January 1966 in Havana, how Castro Ruz made desperate attempts to gain sympathy for Soviet authority.

It is paradoxical--and more than that, dangerous--for a meeting of non- alined countries to take place in an openly alined country like Castro Ruz' Cuba, economically bound to the Soviet Union, whose servant it is. Because, as is well known, the one who pays gives the orders.

The Sixth Nonalined Conference, meeting in an alined country, will be subject to pressures and will come out against imperialism after havi.g exempted the Soviet Union from imperialism, despite the fact that the so- called Soviet hegemony is none other than a form of imperialism,

If Josip Broz Tito, first dissident from Sovietism and founder of the nonalined group, together with his supporters, does not succeed in neutralizing the submissiveness to the Soviet Union, it is possible that the Sixth Nonalined Conference will declare that the only imperialist countries are the United States and those of Western Europe. The Soviet Union will be excused even though it exploits the peoples of the "socialist bloc” and holds them in economic submission and though it has sub jecied Hungary and Czech»slovakia to blood and fire when they tried to liberate themselves,

This will depend in large part on the fact that the concept of imperialism has been skillfully confused so as to bewilder not only the naive, but also expert politicians. An imaginary difference has been established between hegemony and imperialism, although historically they are the same, The hegemony of the Soviet Union is imperialism and the imperialism of the United States is hegemony. Whatever word may be used, the weak peoples remain in the middle, suppressed.

This is why the nonalined movement is so important, since it arose from the desire to keep a distance from both imperialism and hegemony or in one single word, from imperialism,

That desire, that purpose, could now be frustrated at the Sixth Conference of Nonalined Nations, which opens formally next Monday.

If the viewpoint of Castro Ruz wins out at that meeting, the nonalined

will cease to exist and will aline themselves with the Soviet Union.

This will mea. a withdrawal toward absolutism, that is, a retreat backward many centuries, and the world will sink into a tragic twilight of oppression and misery.

8131 CSO: 3010



[Text] Santa Marta, 10 September (from Fabio Ortega). The Santa Marta maritime terminal fell in line with the attitude of international solidar- ity against the administration of Augusto Pinochet, boycotting all cargo coming from and going to Chile.

The executive board of the labor union at the maritime terminal a short time ago issued an announcement stating its position to the effect that “various decisions were adopted at the recent national dockworker meeting heid in the city of Cartagena on 17 and 18 June, including those per- taining to the participation of the dockworkers in the international boy- cott against cargo coming from or going to the Republic of Chile.

"This attitude of international solidarity is in keeping with the con- scious support given by our labor union organization in the struggle of our Chilean brothers inside or outside that country for the purpose of protesting against the opprobrious and criminal dictatorship which pre- vails under the command of Gen Augusto Pinochet."

This is why the union asked all workers, both members and nonmembers,

who are employed in the port facilities, to follow the call of the execu- tive board and comply with the international boycott against cargo coming from or going to Chile.

Dockworker Announcement

Bogota, 10 September (UPI). Colombian dockworkers yesterday launched a boycott against goods traffic going to and coming from Chile in com- memoration of another anniversary of the military coup which ousted the late president Salvador Allende.

An announcement disseminated by FEDEPUERTOS (Federation of Port Workers) states that "fully aware of its democratic principles with regard to participation in any action aimed at fighting against any form of oppres- sion of liberties and other rights ... has decided, between today and


15 September, not to handle any cargo at terminals coming from Chile or going to that country."

The dockworkers assured everyone that the order was passed on to all of the members throughout the country and guaranteed its “success™ since this is a “protest against a fascist dictatorship."

According to the dockworkers, those six years of “military dictatorship"

brought the people of Chile to the “worst state of political, economic, social, and cultural prostration in its entire history."

5058 cso: 3010




Bishops Express Opinions Buenos Aires LA OPINION in Spanish 3 Sep 79 p 9 [articles "This Week, Human Rights"]

[Text] The OAS Inter~American Human Rights Commission (IHRC), composed of six jurists coming at the special invitation of the Argentine Government,

will be arriving in this country this week, The commission will be here for about 2 weeks beginning next Thursday, the 6 September, and will be completely free to move about inside the country, As President Videla en Rosaric em phasized 5 days ago with reference to an issue that has provoked an unjust attack on our country: “Argentina has nothing to hide and much less to be ashamed of,"

Assistant Bishop of La Plata and Argentine Catholic University Rector Mon- signor Octavio Derisi has referred to the human rights question, pointing out that "we would hope that this matter not be turned into a political affair in order for others to attack us and create difficulties for us,"

Making clear that he would prefer to call them "rights of human beings, not human rights," he elaborated: "There are those who have a lot to say about the matter, but does a country with a record of a million abortions a year, like the United States, have the right to pass judgment?”

In statements made shortly after returning from Rome, Derisi said that the church “defends human beings and consequently their rights,"

Drawing a parallel between our country and Europe, Monsignor Derisi felt that "Argentina has not attained the level of economic and industrial de- velopment of the European countries, but it seems to me that here we have spiritual values that are intact," like, for example, "publ’c morality,"

With regard to the situation in the lower income sectors, Derisi explained that "there may be a marginal number of people who, due to inflation and minimal wages, have a hard time surviving," but he noted that "I have the

impression I speak for myself because, as a member of the clergy, i dare not express my opinion on political issues that Argentina is energing from the economic crisis, If the government succeeds in reducing inflation, I think that we will experience a boom,"

Monsignor Derisi was also asked about the possibility of a visit to our country by His Holiness John Paul II, whom he had recently interviewed at the Vatican, The prelat# admitted that he had asked the pope about this and added: “He smiled, He obviously wants to do so, Ke did not tell me he would, but he gave me to understand that he would, He has a great deal of love for Argentina,"

Former bishop of Mar del Plata and current prefect of the Congregation of Monks, Cardinal Sduardo Pironio said that the European attitude toward Argentina is a good one, “although,” he explained, "there are always two sides to the coin,"

In connection with this, he said that "there are some sectors that always look for the worse side," despite which, he reaffirwed that “Argentina's image is a very positive one,”

In exclusive statements to the Mar del Plata daily, EL ATLANTICO, made shortly after his arrival from Rome, he maintained that now, in the wake of the aggression produced by subversive violence, Argentina is better under stood,

Asked about the climate prev:iling at the Vatican concerning papal mediation in the difference of opinion over the Beagle, he commented that “he is very optimistic and has absolute confidence" in the outcome of this mediation, "Such matters," he added, “move rather slowly but I feel that the pace is accelerating,"

Speaking of other matters, he stressed "the unity of the Argentine Church, which really wants to be faithful, on the one hand, to the Lord and, on the other, to man's expectations and needs,"

Regarding dissident Bishop Monsignor Marcel Lefebvre's recent visit to Argentina and the ordination of priests belonging to his congregation which he conducted, he said that “any activity that is marginal to the thinking of the Holy Father obviously creates difficulties in the dealings" the Holy See has with the prelate,

He discounted the possibility that Lefebvre's rebellious attitude could provoke a schism in the church,

Asked about a possible visit to Argentina by John Paul II, he said that there was “absolutely nothing definite” on this, although he cid emphasize the Sovereign Pontiff's inclination "to visit big nations and make contacts,

from a strictly pastoral point of view, in each country,"


Attack From Abroad Buenos Aires LA NACION in Spanish 7 Sep 79 p 10

[Article: “Anti-Argentina Campaign Stepped Up" |

[Text] Brought on by the arrival in our country of the IHRC, the anti- Argentina campaign has been stepped up abroad, This is apparent from news items coming from San Pablo, Madrid, Brussels and Paris which report on the activity of various organizations that are attempting to run down Argentina's image,

The archbishop of San Pablo, Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arms, appealed to Brazil "not to follow the example of Argentina" with reference to our country's

new laws which “shorten legal waiting periods in crder to declare aissing persons legally dead,”

In Madrid 10 youths belonging to different youth organizations yesterday morning chained themselves together in front of the Argentine Snbassy "in solidarity with those who are missing,"

In Paris Argentine writer Julio Cortazar and Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes made an appeal to “world public opinion and the democratic governments" to prevent Argentine authorities from passing the nus missing persons laws, French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean Francois Poncet charged his country's ambassador to Buenos Aires, Bernard Destremau, to take steps to express the French Government's concern for French citizens who are missing in Argentina,

Lanusse's Statements Buenos Aires LA PRENSA in Spanish 9 Sep 79 p 4

[Text] At the close of the interview held in his home with IHRC representa- tives, Lt Gen Alejandro Agustin Lanusse made a statement,

Among other items, the former Argentine president pointed out that "the question of the observation of human rights in our country is of primary con- cern and interest to Argentines but we cannot ignore the fact that it is an objset of special attention in other parts of the world, Nevertheless, we must proceed with the conviction that it is an Argentine problem and that

it must be resolvec by them without foreign and outside interference,

"I understand and share, inasmuch as is possible, the anxieties and tragic situations the relatives of victims of violence, from whatever source and of

whatever kind, are going through,

"In order to place the question of the observation of human rights in proper perspective with Argentine reality today, it is indispensable to know and especially to take into account what that reality was in the more or less recent past,


“We must remember that, at the end of 1973 with the existence in our country of a government that had been elected by impressive popular majorities, a decisive element was inccrporated into Argentine life, one which imposed

the weight of a terrible evil of contemporary society on it: subversion organized to extremes of insane violence, until then unknown to Argentines,"

Real War

Later on Lanusse said that “on 24 March 1976, the military authorities had to take over the administration of the national government in full awareness that the basic necessity of the process that had then begun was the eradica- tion of the cancer constituted by subversive terrorism, To that end both those who govem and those governed have, during the past 35 years, made extraordinary efforts and sacrifices,

"The country was faced with a real war, an internal war, a dirty war, The operations against those who had opted for violence, murder, kidnaping and terrorism in general as their weapons were conducted by the military autho- rities firmly and energetically, The people understood the decision and lent their support and collaboration,

"We have lived through a long, hard and painful confrontation in which mis- takes could not be avoided but which now enables us to tackle, in a diffe- rent kind of social framework, this constructive struggle for the future,

"YMeny Argentines with their own flesh and blood suffered the terribie con- sequences of that war, However, the country needed it to temper its spirit in order to engage in the battle for the future,

"This does not mean that we are forgetting what happened, nor is it offered